Adam Terry
 
I am a Campaigns Officer at Shelter, looking in particular at how we can get housing to the forefront of people’s minds and ultimately see more homes being built. Outside of work I’m a lapsed stand-up comedian, a keen cyclist and a fan of long-forgotten mid-90s indie.

View all posts by Adam Terry

By Adam Terry

We need new homes. And some of them need to be in your back yard

We’ve been arguing for a while (since about 1966, in fact) that as a country we need to build more good quality affordable homes. Sadly, though, the last fifty years have in fact seen an almost continuous decline in the number of new homes being built.

But there are signs that there is an increasing appetite for this to change. At last year’s party conferences, David Cameron urged people to accept that ‘we need more homes in Britain’, while Ed Balls called for the building of “the homes that we need now and for the long-term”.

And this week, both the CBI and the British Chambers of Commerce have urged the Chancellor to include plans for more housebuilding in the forthcoming Budget. There is public support, too: as this great Ipsos Mori infographic (pdf) shows, 80% of people think that there is a housing crisis in the country, and 82% think Government should give more attention to housing as an issue.

So we’re all agreed, then? Ah. Well, not quite. You see, the problem is that if we are going to build more homes in this country, then it’s going to upset some people who like the idea of more homes in principle – just not in their back yard.

And here’s the rub. We can come up with solutions for all manner of obstacles to housebuilding – better use of land, increased competition, more sustainable financing – but our best efforts might still come to nothing if we can’t overcome the opposition of NIMBYs. Remember that 80% of people who think there’s a national housing crisis? Only 45% think there’s a crisis in their local area.

This tension – between a national desire to build more homes and local opposition to new developments – is about to get much more acute, as changes introduced in last year’s Localism Act give local people more power than ever before to influence housing developments. In other words, there’s never been a more important time for housebuilders and developers to be really good at community engagement.

That’s why we’ve produced the Shelter Housing Insights tool: a free online resource designed to help developers and others win local support for new homes. We’ve combined quantitative data on demographic breakdown with extensive bespoke surveys on housing attitudes to produce a one-stop shop for finding out what people really think about homes in their local area.  It means we can get to the bottom of why different groups of people oppose new homes being built – and which arguments might persuade them otherwise.

For some people, for example, the prospect of new homes brings to mind the risk that local infrastructure won’t be able to cope with the added pressure. For some, it’s a concern that their own house will drop in value. Others just don’t want to see poor quality, badly designed homes arriving on the outskirts of their village. Each of these groups will need to hear a very different response to allay their concerns. Our Housing Insights tool allows developers to see the make-up of a local area by demographic profile, to understand these people’s major housing concerns, and then to tailor their communications to alleviate their worries.

The tool can also show which particular groups might in fact say “yes” to homes in their back yard. These ‘YIMBYs’ (to coin a phrase) often have latent support for housebuilding, which can be activated if only developers and councils target and speak to them in the right way.

Why not see what it says about your local area?  Who lives there?  What do they think about housing? It’s simple and quick to do, and will help you see if your neighbours are more likely to be NIMBYs or YIMBYs.

There is a critical need for new homes in this country. At a national level, more and more people are beginning to understand this. If this is to translate into real progress, though, then housing developers will need to allay the fears of the NIMBY, and give voice to the YIMBY. Shelter’s Housing Insights tool can help them do just that.

  • Pat Scouse

    It’s a cheap shot to describe local communities who point out the failings of proposed developments as NIMBYs. The truth is that local people know when there are not enough school places or health services etc etc and they know that for every ‘affordable’ home a developer will expect to build several large homes. In the current climate they are struggling to sell the large homes so the net result is that nothing gets built. Why do you think there are hundreds of thousands of plots with planning permission that the builders are sitting on? If you want low-cost homes you’re not going to get them by relying on the big house-builders. There are huge numbers of houses for sale if you could raise the money to buy them, do you really think the big plc developers will use their expensive land bank to flood the market and cause the prices to crash? Don’t demonise people for pointing out the facts – the first things to get cut from any development plan are the ‘affordable’ homes and the community services. A good example from the area I live – big development which has been in the planning process for years – now the developer says he can’t afford the S106 so now they won’t build a primary school, won’t provide any open space facilities and have cut back on the funding for the road systems. They walk away with the profit and the local tax payer picks up the bill for everything else.

    House building is a business not a social service and you should start from that stand-point. If there’s no profit it won’t happen – simple as that. Why should people by lumbered with inappropriate development which will make life difficult for existing residents and new-comers alike because it becomes ‘politically incorrect’ to object ? Affordable home got built in a village near us and no-one wanted them because it’s out in the sticks with limited facilities and virtually no public transport. They only got built because it was the only way the developer could get the other houses through planning. If it’s a daft idea we reserve the right to say so.

  • Park_Town_Boy

    I live in a medium sized town in the south east and am currently involved in a campaign against a proposed housing development of 160 homes along with a large number of other residents. This is because it is in an area that already suffers from appalling traffic congestion, shortage of school places and flooding.

    You might think that makes me a bit of a NIMBY.

    Except that I don’t live near the site, and I’ve strongly supported the vast majority of the 1,500 or so new houses/apartments that have been built in my town during the last ten years.

    Many local villages are in a similar position. They support the provision of new homes and have, in many cases, identified sites for them. But some of those same people oppose some developments for particular reasons.

    The big factor stopping house-building is not NIMBYism, or even selective opposition to building on some sites, but cash.

    There are sites that have been identified for housing in our district for ten years that haven’t started building yet, because the builders can’t finance them. The Government would do better to solve that problem than worry about the planning regime. It would probably help the economy too as house-building is fairly quick and has a relatively high multiplier effect.

  • Peter Howard

    I could not agree more. When are the Council’s going to stand up to the NIMBY’s and start Approving Applications.